Pruning- What Is It And How It Works In The Gardens?
The first thing to consider when planning your garden is what you’re going to grow. If you are a beginning gardener, then the most important thing for you to do is begin by focusing on what you enjoy eating and/or drinking.
This may seem like a simple task, but it can be difficult to come up with ideas that will appeal to your palate, or even if you think you have an idea in mind, make sure it is palatable enough for you to eat. You can always add vegetables to your list of favorites later once you’ve successfully grown them, but if you’re not growing something you love, you won’t stick with it.
Once you’ve decided which fruits or vegetables you want to plant, you need to decide where they are going to go in your landscape. This is often one of the most difficult things about landscaping, especially for beginners because you don’t know what plants will work well together. In order to get started, we recommend reading this article from About.com, which explains how to choose the right plants for your yard. It should also give you some good tips on choosing the best time to plant so that you avoid getting too much sun, wind and cold (and consequently killing off the plants).
After you’ve established exactly what you want to grow, you need to prepare the ground properly. We suggest digging holes for each new plant at least two feet deep, three inches wider than the root ball of the plant itself, and four feet apart.
Before you start planting anything, it is important to thoroughly wash all of the roots. Use a hose or a watering can, depending on what kind of soil you have, to rinse the roots until there is no dirt left clinging to them.
When you’re finished rinsing, take the plant out of its plastic bag and place it face down into the hole. Make sure that the base of the plant is covered with soil and water gently until the plant has rooted in place. Once the plant has been planted, cover the top of the hole with mulch.
You can find mulch at any nursery or home improvement store. Most people use bark mulch, although other types of mulches include leaf mold, straw, compost, wood chips and pine needles. The type of mulch you use depends entirely on the climate where you live. For example, if you live in a dry area, you might want to use straw. If you live somewhere that gets a lot of rain, you may want to use bark mulch instead.
Many beginning gardeners tend to over-plant their gardens, hoping that more plants will mean bigger yields. This isn’t necessarily true. While larger plants will produce fruit or vegetables faster, smaller ones will be able to withstand colder temperatures better and are less likely to die.
If you are having trouble keeping plants healthy, it may be because you are pruning them incorrectly. Pruning is the practice of cutting back individual branches so that you can encourage growth in certain areas while encouraging flowering in others.
We would recommend using pruning shears whenever possible, because they allow you to cut back specific parts of the plant without damaging the rest. When pruning tomatoes, it is important to cut only those stems that are damaged and not leave any part of the plant exposed – or else you risk losing the entire tomato to disease.
Pruning shears are the best tool for pruning. Some gardening experts argue that these tools are actually harmful, because they can cause cuts if used incorrectly. However, we believe that pruning shears are safer to use than knives or scissors.
There are many different ways to prune different kinds of plants, but here are some examples:
Tomatoes: Cut the bottom third of the plant, leaving about one inch above ground. Then cut the second third of the plant, again leaving about one inch above ground. Finally, cut the top third of the plant, again leaving about one inch above ground. Repeat this process every few weeks, making sure to keep each section at least one foot away from the next. Your plants will grow faster if you don’t remove all of the leaves from the lower portion of the plant.
Peppers: After removing the stem and seeds, cut the tops of the peppers back to about one and a half inches below the surface of the soil. Then, after letting them grow for a month or so, cut back the top half of the plant as much as possible. Let the pepper grow for another couple months before you cut it back again. Do this every six weeks.
Cucumbers: Remove the outer leaves of the plant. Then, cut the stem just below the flower, taking care not to damage the cucumber inside. Let the cucumber grow for about 10 days, then cut the stem back to about one inch above the ground. Do this every five days until the plant reaches maturity.
Beets: Leave the beet green attached to the main stalk. Cut the tops of the beet greens back to about one inch above the soil line. Then let them grow for about two weeks. Then, cut the tops back to about one inch above the soil line. Continue this process every two weeks for four months. Then, when the beet greens are mature and ready to harvest, pick them and cook them immediately.
Onions: Choose a nice sunny spot for your onion garden, and dig a trench around 10 inches wide and 20 inches deep. Plant onions vertically in the trench, about 12 inches apart from one another. Water deeply and regularly for the first year. After that, you can water them just enough to keep the soil moist.
Garlic: Dig a shallow trench and plant garlic bulbs horizontally. Fill the trench with potting soil and press the garlic into the soil. Cover the bulbs with about six inches of soil, and fill in the area around the garlic with sand. Then let the garlic sprout for several weeks before harvesting.
Lettuce: Lettuce likes to be planted in rich, fertile soil, so you’ll want to amend your soil with manure before planting. First, dig a small hole that is about three inches deeper than the lettuce seedling itself. Add a tablespoon of manure to the hole, and then carefully insert the lettuce seedling into the hole. If you’re planting lettuce in a large garden, you can plant multiple rows side-by-side. Just remember to alternate rows to prevent the weeds from crowding out the plants.
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